Introduction to Evince

Evince is a document viewer for multiple document formats. It supports PDF, Postscript, DjVu, TIFF and DVI. It is useful for viewing documents of various types using one simple application instead of the multiple document viewers that once existed on the GNOME Desktop.



Development versions of BLFS may not build or run some packages properly if dependencies have been updated since the most recent stable versions of the book.

Package Information

Evince Dependencies


adwaita-icon-theme-43, gsettings-desktop-schemas-43.0, GTK+-3.24.36, itstool-2.0.7, libhandy-1.8.1, libxml2-2.10.3, and OpenJPEG-2.5.0



Cups-2.4.2 (to enable printing if support is built into GTK+ 3), gnome-desktop-43.1, gspell-1.12.0, gst-plugins-base-1.22.0, Gi-DocGen-2023.1, GTK-Doc-1.33.2, libgxps-0.3.2, libtiff-4.5.0, texlive-20220321 (or install-tl-unx), DjVuLibre, libspectre, Synctex, and t1lib

User Notes: https://wiki.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/wiki/evince

Installation of Evince

First, make sure that meson can find TeXLive if it is installed. This has no effect on systems without TeXLive installed.

export CPPFLAGS="-I/opt/texlive/2022/include" &&
export LDFLAGS="$LDFLAGS -L/opt/texlive/2022/lib"

Install Evince by running the following commands:

mkdir build &&
cd    build &&

meson --prefix=/usr          \
      --buildtype=release    \
      -Dgtk_doc=false        \
      --wrap-mode=nodownload \
      -Dsystemduserunitdir=no .. &&

This package does not have a working test suite.

Now, as the root user:

ninja install


If you installed the package to your system using a DESTDIR method, /usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas/gschemas.compiled was not updated/created. Create (or update) the file using the following command as the root user:

glib-compile-schemas /usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas

Command Explanations

--buildtype=release: Specify a buildtype suitable for stable releases of the package, as the default may produce unoptimized binaries.

CPPFLAGS="..." LDFLAGS="$LDFLAGS ...": If TeXLive has been installed in /opt/texlive/2022 the configure script will find libkpathsea.so and enable the DVI backend, but without this addition the compile will fail because it cannot find the required headers. Adding this to a system where TeXLive has not been installed does not break the build.

-Dgtk_doc=false: This switch disables generating the gtk-doc API reference documentation. If you have GTK-Doc-1.33.2 installed and wish to generate the API reference documentation, remove this switch and the following one.

--wrap-mode=nodownload: This switch disables fetching any dependency: the build system tries to fetch gi-docgen even if -Dgtk_doc=false is passed.

-Dgspell=false: This switch turns off support for the spell checking plugin.

-Dintrospection=false: Use this option if you don't have gobject-introspection-1.74.0 installed and don't wish to have introspection support built into Evince.

-Dnautilus=false: This switch disables building the Nautilus Plugin. Use this switch if Nautilus is not installed.

-Dkeyring=false: This switch disables the use of libsecret. Use this switch if libsecret is not installed.

-Dps=enabled: Use this switch if libspectre is installed and you want to view PostScript files with Evince.


Installed Programs: evince, evince-previewer, and evince-thumbnailer
Installed Libraries: libevdocument3.so and libevview3.so
Installed Directories: /usr/{include,lib,share}/evince, /usr/share/gtk-doc/html/{evince,libevdocument-3.0,libevview-3.0} (optional), and /usr/share/help/*/evince

Short Descriptions


is a multiple format document viewer


is an application that implements the printing previewer


is a simple program used to create thumbnail images of supported documents